Dating back to the 8th Century, Ise Katagami is the traditional Japanese art of creating paper stencils used in dyeing textiles. The making of traditional Katagami is quite labor intensive. The first step is to bond multiple layers of thin washi paper together with a glue called "shibugami" made from persimmon extract, resulting in a strong, flexible, brown-colored paper. The stencils in Katagami are cut by hand using shaped knives called "dogu-bori". There are four principle techniques used to created the stencils: pulling the knife towards the artist to make long straight cuts, carving patterns for figurative designs, cutting circular holes (for fan-like designs), and using shaped punches. The Katagami is then used for resist dying. Rice paste is passed through the stencil onto silk. When dyed, the color does not adhere to the areas with the rice paste. In 1992, The Association for the Preservation of Ise-Katagami was founded and in the following year was designated as an "Important Intangible Cultural Property" by the Japanese government.
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